Miriam Makeba, also known as Mama Africa, was a renowned South African singer, songwriter, and civil rights activist. She was born on March 4, 1932, in Johannesburg, South Africa, and passed away on November 9, 2008, in Castel Volturno, Italy. Makeba played a significant role in using her music to raise awareness about apartheid and other social injustices in South Africa. She became an influential figure in the anti-apartheid movement and an international symbol of resistance against oppression. Makeba's music blended traditional African sounds with elements of jazz, folk, and pop, gaining her global recognition. Her most famous song, "Pata Pata," became a chart-topping hit worldwide. Throughout her career, Miriam Makeba used her voice and platform to advocate for human rights, racial equality, and social change.